In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Assalamu Alaikum (Peace be upon you) dear brothers and sisters,
I, Aslam Ahemad, your dedicated Islamic content creator and mentor, welcome you to our “Hadith of Ramadan” series. As the blessed month of Ramadan approaches, we embark on a journey of reflection, worship, and spiritual growth. In this series, we will delve into Hadiths related to Ramadan, seeking guidance from the sayings of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
Hadith of Ramadan
Hadith 1: حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ، قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، قَالَ: أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، عَنْ بِهْزِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم “ مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ يَسْتَرْعِيهِ اللَّهُ رَعِيَّةً، يَمُوتُ يَوْمَ يَمُوتُ، وَهُوَ غَاشٌّ لِرَعِيَّتِهِ، إِلاَّ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ ”.
Translation: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “When Ramadan enters, the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hellfire are closed, and the devils are chained.”
Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 31, Hadith 123
Hadith 2: حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، وَأَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَاللَّفْظُ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الأَنْصَارِيُّ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ يَقُولُ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم “ إِنَّمَا الأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّةِ، وَإِنَّمَا لِامْرِئٍ مَا نَوَى”.
Translation: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever fasts during Ramadan with faith and seeking Allah’s reward will have his past sins forgiven.”
Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 31, Hadith 35
Hadith 3: حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، قَالَ: قَالَ مُعَاذُ بْنُ جَبَلٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم “ اللَّهُ يَقُولُ: مَنْ عَادَى لِي وَلِيًّا فَقَدْ آذَنْتُهُ بِالْحَرْبِ ”
Translation: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Allah said: Every deed of the son of Adam is for himself, except fasting; it is for Me, and I shall reward it.”
Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 31, Hadith 38
Hadith 4: عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ الْغِفَارِيِّ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ : “ مَا يَحِلُّ مَالُ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ إِلاَّ بِطِيبِ نَفْسٍ مِنْهُ
Translation: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “On the first night of Ramadan, the devils and rebellious jinn are chained, the gates of Hellfire are locked, and not one of them is opened. The gates of Paradise are opened, and not one of them is locked. And a caller announces: ‘O seeker of good, proceed; O seeker of evil, desist.’ And Allah has people whom He frees from the Fire, and that happens every night.”
Reference: Tirmidhi, Book 8, Hadith 621
Hadith 5: عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ : “ لاَ يَشْرَبَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ مِنْ قَوْسٍ فَإِنَّهُ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ لُوطًا وَمَالَكًا
Translation: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever provides food for breaking the fast of a fasting person, he will have the same reward as him without decreasing from the fasting person’s rewards.”
Reference: Tirmidhi, Book 8, Hadith 656
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Explanation and Commentary
- In the first Hadith, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) describes the immense blessings of Ramadan. During this sacred month, the gates of Paradise are opened, and the gates of Hellfire are closed, offering believers a unique opportunity for spiritual elevation and redemption. Furthermore, the devils are restrained, reducing their influence on human actions and thoughts.
- The second Hadith highlights the incredible rewards of fasting in Ramadan. When a believer observes fasts with sincerity and faith, seeking Allah’s pleasure, their past sins are forgiven. Ramadan is an auspicious occasion for seeking forgiveness and spiritual cleansing.
- The third Hadith emphasizes the significance of fasting as an act of devotion solely for Allah’s sake. It is a deeply personal and spiritual act that Allah Himself rewards, granting immense blessings to those who observe it with sincerity.
- In the fourth Hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) reveals the special occurrences on the first night of Ramadan. The chains of the devils and rebellious jinn are bound, and the gates of Hellfire are closed, while the gates of Paradise are open. This night marks the beginning of a month full of opportunities for salvation and freedom from the Fire.
- The fifth Hadith encourages acts of kindness and generosity during Ramadan. Providing food for someone to break their fast earns the giver a reward equal to the fasting person’s, without diminishing the fasting person’s own rewards.
Lessons to Learn
From these Hadiths of Ramadan, we draw the following lessons:
- Ramadan is a month of mercy, forgiveness, and spiritual rejuvenation.
- Fasting with faith and sincerity leads to the forgiveness of past sins.
- Fasting is a unique act of devotion exclusively between the believer and Allah, who bestows abundant rewards.
- The first night of Ramadan is a time of immense blessings and opportunities for salvation.
- Acts of kindness, such as providing food for those fasting, are greatly rewarded during this sacred month.
Application in Daily Life
As we welcome the blessed month of Ramadan, we can apply these teachings in our daily lives by:
- Embracing the spirit of mercy and forgiveness, extending kindness and compassion to others.
- Observing fasts with sincerity, seeking Allah’s pleasure, and using this time for spiritual reflection and growth.
- Engaging in additional acts of worship, such as prayer, recitation of the Quran, and voluntary charity.
- Being generous and supporting those in need, especially during the iftar time.
Take a moment to reflect on these Hadiths and their profound wisdom. How can you make the most of this Ramadan? Consider the blessings and opportunities for personal growth that this sacred month brings.
- Hadith 1: Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 31, Hadith 123
- Hadith 2: Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 31, Hadith 35
- Hadith 3: Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 31, Hadith 38
- Hadith 4: Tirmidhi, Book 8, Hadith 621
- Hadith 5: Tirmidhi, Book 8, Hadith 656
Hadith for Ramadan FAQ
Q1: Can I fast in Ramadan if I missed some days due to illness or travel?
If you missed fasting due to a valid reason such as illness or travel, you can make up for those missed days by fasting at a later date when you are able. Allah is compassionate and understanding of individual circumstances.
Q2: What can I do to maximize the benefits of Ramadan?
To maximize the benefits of Ramadan, engage in extra acts of worship, seek forgiveness through sincere repentance, and perform acts of charity to those in need. Utilize this month to strengthen your relationship with Allah and increase your devotion.
Q3: How can I maintain a balance between worship and other responsibilities during Ramadan?
To maintain a balance, create a realistic schedule that includes time for worship, work, family, and rest. Prioritize acts of worship while fulfilling your daily responsibilities, and remember that Allah appreciates sincere efforts.
Q4: Can children and elderly individuals participate in fasting during Ramadan?
Children are not obligated to fast, but they can gradually participate in fasting as they grow older. Elderly individuals or those with health conditions may be exempt from fasting, and instead, they can offer alternative acts of worship or provide charity to compensate.
As we prepare for the sacred month of Ramadan, may these Hadiths inspire us to embrace its blessings, seek forgiveness, and draw closer to Allah. Let us make the most of this spiritual opportunity and embark on a journey of self-improvement and devotion.
Stay tuned for more Hadiths in our “Hadith of Ramadan” series. May Allah bless you all.
Aslam Ahmad is a seasoned Islamic scholar renowned for his profound expertise in Hadith studies and the spiritual dimensions of prayers. With a lifetime devoted to learning and contemplation, he offers invaluable insights into the teachings of Islam. His ability to harmonize traditional wisdom with contemporary challenges has made him a guiding light for modern Muslims.